Three-dimensional observations from MODIS and CALIPSO for ocean responses to cyclone Nargis in the Gulf of Martaban

Shi, W., and M. Wang (2008), Three-dimensional observations from MODIS and CALIPSO for ocean responses to cyclone Nargis in the Gulf of Martaban, Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L21603, doi:10.1029/2008GL035279.


Satellites measurements from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on Aqua and the Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CALIPSO) are used to study physical, optical, and biological changes in the Gulf of Martaban following the passage of cyclone Nargis during early May of 2008. The shortwave infrared (SWIR) atmospheric correction algorithm has been used to derive ocean optical and biological properties from MODIS. Following the passage of cyclone Nargis, a significant increase of surface sediment concentration is observed with considerably enhanced normalized water-leaving radiance at the red and near-infrared (NIR) wavelengths in the Gulf of Martaban and along the mouths of the Ayeyarwady River. It is estimated that, before and after cyclone Nargis, the average total suspended matter (TSM) in the Gulf of Martaban increased from 24 mg/l to 31 mg/l, while the TSM value nearly tripled from 12 mg/l to 34 mg/l along the mouths of the Ayeyarwady River. The CALIPSO measurements also show that, before cyclone Nargis, the sediment concentration in the region increases with depth in the water column, while after cyclone Nargis the sediment vertical profile becomes relatively uniform in the upper 50 m depth due to wind-driven vertical mixing and entrainment.


  • cyclone Nargis;
  • remote sensing;

2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting

2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting (23-28 February, 2014, Hawaii)

042 – Optical Remote Sensing of Freshwater, Estuarine, and Coastal Environments: Water Quality and other Applications

Growing human populations are stressing freshwater resources and coastal and estuarine environments. Changes in land use, loadings, and resource utilization are significantly impacting these critical environments. The Group on Earth Observations (GEO) has identified water resources as a key societal benefit area and seeks advances in Earth observation capabilities. Multispectral ocean color sensors with moderate spatial and temporal resolution (e.g. MODIS, MERIS, and VIIRS) provide an excellent overview of the coastal ocean. However, coastal and inland environments are typically diverse and dynamic ecosystems, and can be optically complex as a result. Recent work with airborne hyperspectral ocean color sensors and new satellite sensors including HICO and GOCI are providing new insights into these complex environments. Presentations are solicited on recent advances in optical remote sensing of complex coastal and inland waters. This includes methods to assess, monitor and predict the quality of coastal and inland waters and quantify factors impacting water quality. Presentations on new imagers, improved atmospheric correction and product algorithms, and new ways of exploiting hyperspectral and GOCI hourly data are also solicited, likewise future directions including modeling and plans for new and improved sensors, algorithms and derived products.


Curtiss O. Davis , Oregon State University

Paul M. DiGiacomo , NOAA/NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research

Wesley J. Moses , Naval Research Laboratory

Steven R. Greb , Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources


I – Estuarine and Coastal


148 – Effects of climate variability on marine biophysical interactions ad ecosystems dynamics

We would like to bring your attention to the following session at the 2014 Ocean Sciences Meeting given your similar research interests.

We are inviting poster and talk submission to our session (#148-Effects of climate variability on marine biophysical interactions ad ecosystems dynamics) at the 2014 Ocean Meeting in February 2014 in Honolulu, Hawaii. Topics covering the effects of climate variability on the physics and biology of the oceans are welcome. Climate variability is not restricted to ENSO and can cover both global and local studies.

Session description: Climate variability unequivocally impacts the many interactions between the physic and biology of the oceans. ENSO for example has been shown to change the vertical structure of the upper water column in the Equatorial Pacific. This in turn has been shown to influence nutrient composition which is directly reflected in the total chlorophyll a and phytoplankton composition. The venue of satellite combined with the development of numerical and empirical models have unveiled some of those many biophysical interactions. This session will focus on understanding the impact of climate variability on the dynamics of the marine ecosystems. We invite talks covering the full span of the biophysical interactions at various spatial and temporal scales.

Please feel free to contact either of us for more details and forward this email to anyone you think may be interested. The abstract submission and registration sites are open. Registration and the abstract fee are required at the time of submission; the deadline to submit and register is 4 October 2013.

Website for registration/submission:


Cecile Rousseaux, NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office/USRA

Michelle Gierach


WESTPAC 9th International Scientific Symposium

WESTPAC 9th International Scientific Symposium

22-25 April 2014, Nha Trang, Vietnam


All sessions are open to all participants, and will focus around three main themes: (1) Understanding Ocean Processes in the Indo-Pacific Region; (2) Ensuring Marine Biodiversity, Food Safety and Security; and (3) Maintenance of Ocean Health.

Understanding Ocean Processes in the Indo-Pacific Region

● Role of the Indo-Pacific Ocean in regional climate change and variability

● Status, trends and effects of climate, natural disturbances and anthropogenic stressors on ocean ecosystems

● Risk/vulnerability assessment on coastal sea-level related hazards focusing on sea level rise, storm surges and coastal erosion

● Sediment source-to-sink process in the Western Pacific

Ensuring Marine Biodiversity, Food Safety and Security

● Status, trends of marine biodiversity and productivity (including marine endangered species, invasive species, etc.)

● Sustainable fisheries and aquaculture

● Toxic marine organisms and seafood safety

Maintenance of Ocean Health

● Changing ocean biogeochemistry and its ecosystem impact (particularly nutrient supply and cycles, hypoxia, POPs and heavy metals)

● Ocean acidification and its effects on marine ecosystems

● Harmful algal blooms

● Restoration and conservation of marine ecosystems

● Remote sensing in integrated coastal and marine management

Cross-cutting and Emerging Issues

● Development and demonstration of ocean forecasting system

● Technical and technological developments, and data management in coastal and open ocean observations

● Marine renewable energy

● Good practices in, and lessons learnt from capacity development for marine science and ocean governance

Moreover, one Senior Officials Forum is being planned in view of the importance of engaging governmental officials in charge of marine science, observation and capacity building.

Important Deadlines

  • 30 October 2013: Early registration
  • 30 November 2013: Abstract submission and financial support application
  • 31 December 2013: Notification of abstract acceptance and financial support grant
  • 15 January 2014: Confirmation of participation by paper presenters

Travel & Accommodation

More detailed information concerning travel and transportation can be found in the symposium website:

Financial Support

Financial support will be available for a limited number of participants, especially for young scientists and students from developing countries in the WESTPAC region.

Contact Address

Local Secretariat for the WESTPAC 9th International Scientific Symposium

Mrs. Do Minh Thu

Institute of Oceanography

01 Cau Da, Nha Trang, Khanh Hoa, Vietnam

Tel: (84-58) 3590035

Fax: (84-58) 3590034



IOC Regional Office for the Western Pacific (WESTPAC Office)

Ms. Nachapa Saransuth

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO

Tel: +66 2 1411288

Fax: +66 2 1439245



Keynote Addresses

● Achievements and perspectives of marine science in the region

● Climate change and variability and its related disasters in the region

● Climate and anthropogenic impacts to and resilience of ecosystems in the region

● Latest scientific advances and innovations in ocean observations techniques

● Impacts on the ocean and coasts following the 2011 Japan Tsunami

● Marine processes and resource management towards sustaining marine biodiversity and food security

more details, check HERE

The Coastal Ocean from a Hyperspectral Perspective

Just wanted to let everyone know that there is a new feature on the Ocean Color Web homepage ( ) that Norman Kuring has just put together using some of the HICO data that in collaboration with our colleagues at the Naval Research Laboratory and Oregon State University, we are now making available to the broader ocean color community.  It is a wonderfully clear and creative depiction of the kind of information that is contained within the hyperspectral data from HICO.  You can access the feature directly at:

Modis Aqua Reprocessing

MODIS Ocean Color Data Users:

Within the next few days the OBPG plans to initiate a partial reprocessing of MODIS-Aqua ocean color products spanning approximately the last year of the mission (August 2012 to present).  As indicated in a previous message (sent 2 August 2013), this reprocessing is just an update to the instrument calibration to reduce some mirror-side striping artifacts.  The impact to the global mean time-series is small.  For details, see:

We expect the reprocessing to be completed within a few days of initiation. If you have any questions or wish to track the status of the reprocessing, please refer to the topic on the ocean color forum.


El Niño–related offshore phytoplankton bloom events around the Spratley Islands in the South China Sea

Isoguchi, Osamu; Kawamura, Hiroshi; Ku-Kassim, Ku-Yaacob

Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 32, Issue 21, CiteID L21603


Satellite chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) observations reveal offshore phytoplankton bloom events with high Chl-a (>1 mg m-3) spreading over 300 km off the coasts around the Spratley Islands in the South China Sea (SCS) during the spring of 1998. The bloom entails anomalous wind jet and sea surface temperature (SST) cooling, suggesting that the wind jet-induced mixing and/or offshore upwelling bring about the cooling and the bloom through the supply of nutrient-rich waters into the euphotic zone. The strong wind jet is orographically formed responding to shifts in wind direction over the eastern SCS. The wind shift is connected with the Philippine Sea anomalous anticyclone that is established during El Niño, indicating the El Niño-related offshore bloom. The long-term reanalysis winds over the eastern SCS demonstrates that wind jet formation and associated offshore cooling/bloom are expected to occur in most cases of the subsequent El Niño years.

Keywords: Oceanography: Physical: ENSO (4922), Oceanography: Physical: Topographic/bathymetric interactions, Oceanography: Biological and Chemical: Phytoplankton

DOI: 10.1029/2005GL024285

Upwelling induced by meso-scale cyclonic eddies in the Andaman Sea

Buranapratheprat, Anukul,Laongmanee, Penchan,Sukramongkol, Natinee,Prommas, Ritthirong,Promjunda, Sayan,Yanagi, Tetsuo, 2010. Upwelling induced by meso-scale cyclonic eddies in the Andaman Sea. Coastal marine science. Vol. 34, No. 1, 2010, pp. 68-73


The results from a survey on oceanographic phenomena and fishery resources in the Andaman Sea, under the Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management in the Bay of Bengal Project, initiated by members of BIMSTEC (the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic cooperation), revealed the evidence of upwelling. It was observed from shallow pycnocline and high salinity near sea surface. The relationship between surface chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) and upwelling was prominent that Chl-a tended to be high in upwelling areas. Satellite altimetry and the surface geostropic current captured during the same period of the field survey, suggest that upwelling is induced by cyclonic eddies. This phenomenon could be observed on satellite Chl-a image over the Andaman Sea. Further investigations are required to assess their role in oceanographic processes, especially primary productivity, in the Andaman Sea.


  • cyclonic eddy
  • upwelling
  • altimetry
  • geostrophic current
  • the Andaman Sea
  • nutrient
  • chlorophyll