Ocean color variability in the Indonesian Seas during the SeaWiFS era

Susanto, R. D., T. S. Moore II, and J. Marra (2006), Ocean color variability in the Indonesian Seas during the SeaWiFS era, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 7, Q05021, doi:10.1029/2005GC001009.


More than 6 years of satellite-derived ocean color (SeaWiFS) and 7 years of sea surface temperature (AVHRR) and sea surface wind (ERS1/2, NSCAT, and QuikSCAT) are investigated for the Indonesian Seas. Harmonic analysis and monthly means in ocean color indicate that during the southeast Asia-Australia monsoon southeasterly wind from Australia generates upwelling and brings cooler and nutrient-rich water near the surface, enhancing productivity and increasing ocean color in the Banda Sea and the southern coasts of Jawa (Java)-Sumatra. Conditions are reversed during the northwest monsoon. The northwest wind induces downwelling and produces a weaker biological response in terms of ocean color. Anomalous winds associated with the 1997–1998 El Niño/La Niña events coinciding with the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) produced significant departures from the 6-year monthly mean in both magnitude and timing of the seasonal response to the southeast monsoon. Ocean color intensified in the upwelling region along the southern coast of Jawa-Sumatra, and the area of increased amplitude extended westward and prolonged the southeast monsoon period. In addition, localized minimum values of ocean color are observed along the exit pathways of the Indonesian Throughflow.


  • Indonesian Seas;
  • ENSO;
  • monsoon;
  • upwelling;
  • ocean color;
  • remote sensing